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A prescription medicine is a medicine that can only be made available to a patient on the written instruction of an authorized health care professional. These drugs can be used as aids in surgery, to treat medical conditions and while controlling various symptoms.

Categories of prescription medicines with example

1) Analgesics: Aspirin, Ibuprofen
2) Antacids: aluminium hydroxide, magnesium carbonate
3) Antianxiety Drugs: alprazolam, clonazepam
4) Antiarrhythmic: amiodarone, lidocaine, quinidine
5) Antibiotics: Metronidazole, Azithromycin, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim
6) Anticoagulants and Thrombolytics: Rivaroxaban, Dabigatran, Edoxaban
7) Anticonvulsants: Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine, Phenytoin
8) Antidepressants: Duloxetine, Fluoxetine
9) Antidiarrhoeal: Codeine sulfate, Pepto-Bismol
10) Anti-emetics: Haloperidol and olanzapine
11) Antifungals: Clotrimazole, Econazole
12) Antihistamines: Loratadine, Fexofenadine
13) Antihypertensives: enalapril, lisinopril,
14) Anti-Inflammatories: Celecoxib, Mefenamic acid.
15) Antineoplastic: busulfan, melphalan, cyclophosphamide,
16) Antipsychotics: Thorazine, Trilafon
17) Antivirals: oseltamivir phosphate, oseltamivir phosphate
18) Barbiturates: Phenobarbital
19) Beta-Blockers: Atenolol, Metoprolol
20) Bronchodilators: salbutamol, salmeterol,
21) Corticosteroids: cortisone, hydrocortisone and prednisone
22) Decongestants: Afrin, Dristan,
23) Diuretics: Furosemide, Torsemide
24) Expectorant: Guaifenesin
25) Hormones: Novarel, Ovidrel,
26) Hypoglycaemics: glipizide, metformin
27) Immunosuppressives: adalimumab, tacrolimus
28) Laxatives: Dulcolax, sodium picosulfate.
29) Muscle Relaxants: Cyclobenzaprine, Baclofen
30) Sedatives: zolpidem, eszopiclone
31) Sex Hormones (Female): estrogen
32) Sex Hormones (Male): Testosterone
33) Sleeping Drugs: Triazolam, Zaleplon
34) Tranquillizer: Xanax, Valium

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