PharmD Info

A forum for Indian Pharmacy Professionals

New to forum? Learn how to post your questions/topics --- Click Here
Its an inter-professional and collaborative learning platform for the doctors and other healthcare professionals to discuss on various healthcare issues and views with pharmacy professionals. Pharmacist also can assist and share your ideas for the better therapeutic outcomes based on clear evidence. E.g: Drug Information, Decision Analysis and EBM.
Forum rules: The contents of the, such as text, graphics, images, and other material contained on the Site ("Content") are for informational purposes only. The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on the Site!

If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 108 immediately. does not recommend or endorse any specific tests, physicians, products, procedures, opinions, or other information that may be mentioned on the Site
  • User avatar
User avatar
By Admin
Apgar Score

Overview: The Apgar scoring system is used to assess newborn infants for depression of
cardiopulmonary and neurological function. Scoring is done at 1 and 5 minutes after birth.

Parameter Finding Points

color blue pale 0
body pink extremities blue 1
all pink 2

heart rate absent 0
< 100 1
> 100 (will use >= 100) 2

respiration absent 0
irregular slow 1
good crying 2

reflex response to nose catheter
none 0
grimace 1
sneeze cough 2

muslce tone limp 0
some flexion of extremities 1
active 2

Apgar score = SUM(points for all 5 parameters)

• minimum score: 0
• maximum score: 10

• The lower the score the more profoundly affected the infant is with scores under 5
considered serious.
• A low initial scores with no improvement in the 5 minute score is associated with neonatal
problems including death.


Apgar V. A proposal for a new method of evaluation of the newborn infant. Anesth Analg.
1953; 32: 260.
Berkow R Fletcher AJ et al. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy 16 edition. 1992.
pages 1978-1979.
Graef JW. Manual of Pediatric Therapeutics 5 edition. Little Brown and Co. 1994.
Nelson WE Behrman RE et al (editors). Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics 15 Edition. WB
Saunders Company. 1996. Chapter 79: The newborn infant pages 433-440. Table 79-2 page
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
Similar Topics
Topics Statistics Last post
0 Replies 
by Admin
02 Apr 2017, 23:29
0 Replies 
by Admin
22 Sep 2017, 19:03
0 Replies 
by Admin
18 Feb 2017, 21:26
0 Replies 
by Admin
27 Feb 2017, 16:58
Cohort Study Method- PharmD Notes
by Admin  - 07 Mar 2017, 14:50  - In: Pharm D V Year Notes
0 Replies 
by Admin
07 Mar 2017, 14:50


Drug Safety Alerts from PvPI

The preliminary analysis of SUSARs from the PvPI d[…]

Pharm D Pathophysiology Notes - PharmD II Year Ba[…]

Pharm D Pathophysiology Notes - PharmD II Year An[…]

Alcoholic Liver Disease

Pharm D Pathophysiology Notes - PharmD II Year To[…]