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An easy, secure, and reliable method of preventing hazardous infections before you are exposed to them is vaccination. It boosts your immune system and builds up your body's natural defences against particular illnesses.

Your immune system is trained by vaccinations to produce antibodies, exactly as it does when it is exposed to a disease. However, because vaccinations only include dead or weakened versions of bacteria or viruses, they do not really cause the disease or increase your chance of developing its symptoms.

Immediately after birth - According to National Immunization Schedule, one dose each of three vaccines, OPV, BCG and Hepatitis B, are given to newborn. One dose each of three vaccines, OPV, BCG and Hepatitis B should be given to the newborn irrespective of the place of delivery.

3 months – 1 year - According to National Immunization Schedule, OPV, RVV, Fipv, PCV, Pentavalent, Measles & JE are given during 3 months to 1-year-old kids.

Indian government provides vaccines at free of cost under the Universal Immunization programme(UIP) in 1985. List of vaccines recommended by MOHFW – Find Here. Age wise Immunization schedule given by Ministry of health & family welfare, Govt. of India is given in the below image-


List of Free Vaccines Provided in India

  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin) - BCG VACCINE is indicated for the prevention of tuberculosis in persons not previously infected with M. tuberculosis who are at high risk for exposure.
  • DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid) - Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed USP (For Pediatric Use) is recommended for active immunization of children up to age 7 years against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough) simultaneously.
  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) - OPV produces antibodies in the blood ('humoral' or serum immunity) to all three types of poliovirus, and in the event of infection, this protects the individual against polio paralysis by preventing the spread of poliovirus to the nervous system.
  • Measles - indicated for active immunization for the prevention of measles, mumps, and rubella in individuals 12 months of age and older.
  • Hepatitis B - The Hepatitis B vaccine is given to prevent the severe liver disease that can develop when children or adults are infected with hepatitis B virus.
  • TT (Tetanus Toxoid) - Tetanus is a vaccine used primary immunization against Tetanus.
  • JE vaccination – Japanese Encephalitis vaccine is recommended for persons moving to a JE-endemic country to live, longer-term (e.g., 1 month or longer) travelers, and frequent travelers to JE-endemic areas.
  • Hib containing Pentavalent vaccine (DPT+HepB+Hib) - Pentavalent vaccine act against five killer diseases–diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, hepatitis B and Hemophilus influenza type B (Hib)
  • Malaria Vaccine - In October 2021, the WHO approved the RTS, S/AS01 (RTS, S) malaria vaccine for administration in four scheduled doses in children five months of age to reduce the burden and severity of malaria.
  • COVAXIN, COVISHIELD and Sputnik - used against COVID-19.
  • Rabies vaccine - Rabies vaccine is given to persons who have been exposed (eg: by a bite, scratch, or lick) to an animal that is known, or thought, to have rabies.
  • Imvamune or Imvanex: Indicated for smallpox.
  • Varicella vaccine – indicated for chickenpox.

BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin), DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid), OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine), Measles, Hepatitis B, TT (Tetanus Toxoid), JE vaccination (in selected high disease burden districts), Hib containing Pentavalent vaccine (DPT+HepB+Hib), Rabies, Covaxin & Covishield are given at free of cost by Indian government. Both Malarial vaccine & varicella vaccine are not available for free from government, the price of the vaccines are: Malaria Vaccine – mosquirix Rs.275/dose, Varicella Vaccine – Rs. 2000 & for booster dose Rs.500.
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