PharmD Info

A forum for Indian Pharmacy Professionals

Research funding schemes, UGC Approved Journals, Project Protocols, Clinical Study Designs, Clinical Trails Registry and Regulation, Biostatistics Forum.
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Original Research Article

Description: An original research article reports the results of an original research study. The study can be experimental or observational, and it can use qualitative or quantitative methods.

Article Elements: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References

Advantages: Provides new knowledge and insights into a particular topic, often considered the most prestigious type of research article

Disadvantages: Can take a long time to conduct and publish, may require a significant amount of resources, may be subject to bias or error


Review Article

Description: A review article provides a comprehensive summary of existing research on a particular topic. It can be narrative or systematic.

Article Elements: Abstract, Introduction, Methods (for systematic reviews), Results (for systematic reviews), Discussion, Conclusion, References

Advantages: Provides a synthesis of existing research, can be useful for identifying gaps in knowledge and areas for further research

Disadvantages: Can be biased towards the author's perspective, may be subject to publication bias


Editorial

Description: An editorial is an opinion piece written by the editor or an expert in the field that comments on a particular topic or issue.

Article Elements: No specific article elements

Advantages: Can provide valuable commentary on important issues in the field, can be useful for sparking debate and discussion

Disadvantages: May be biased towards the author's perspective, may lack empirical.


Letter to the Editor

Description: A letter to the editor is a brief commentary on a previously published article or a current issue in the field.

Article Elements: No specific article elements

Advantages: Provides a platform for expressing opinions or concerns, can be useful for engaging with other experts in the field

Disadvantages: May not be subject to the same rigorous peer review process as other types of research articles, may lack empirical evidence or research support


Commentaries

Description: A commentary is a type of article that offers a critical or analytical discussion of a specific topic or issue.

Article Elements: No specific article elements

Advantages: Offers a platform for scholars to express opinions or ideas, can provide critical or analytical perspectives on current issues or debates in the field

Disadvantages: May be biased towards the author's perspective, may lack empirical evidence or research support.


Short Communication

Description: A short communication is a brief report of a research study or case that contains original and significant findings.

Article Elements: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References (usually limited)

Advantages: Offers a concise and clear presentation of original findings, can provide rapid dissemination of important research results

Disadvantages: May lack detail or depth compared to full-length research articles, may be subject to the same limitations and biases as other types of research studies


Book Review

Description: A book review is a critical evaluation of a book or publication.

Article Elements: Introduction, Summary of the Book, Analysis and Evaluation, Conclusion, References

Advantages: Provides a critical evaluation of a book or publication, can help readers decide whether to read the book

Disadvantages: May be biased towards the reviewer's perspective, may not provide a comprehensive evaluation of the book.


Summarizing the types of research articles, descriptions, article elements, advantages, disadvantages, and checklist links;

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